Romans 5

English Standard Version (ESV)

Peace with God Through Faith

1 Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we[a] have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Through him we have also obtained access by faith[b] into this grace in which we stand, and we[c] rejoice[d] in hope of the glory of God. 3 Not only that, but we rejoice in our sufferings, knowing that suffering produces endurance, 4 and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, 5 and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us.

6 For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For one will scarcely die for a righteous person—though perhaps for a good person one would dare even to die— 8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life. 11 More than that, we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.

Death in Adam, Life in Christ

12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men[e] because all sinned— 13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law. 14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.

15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.

18 Therefore, as one trespass[f] led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness[g] leads to justification and life for all men. 19 For as by the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man’s obedience the many will be made righteous. 20 Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased,grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Peace with God through Faith:

Peace with God! How amazing it sounds to say I have peace with God, the Creator, the Arche – or Primary, First Cause, the Sovereign King of the universe whom I had so deeply offended by my rebelliousness. Take a moment to reflect on that, feel the weight of condemnation lift off your soul, and breathe in the peace that surpasses understanding (Philippians 4:7). How was this achieved for us, how can a wretched sinner, who has taken up arms against the Holy One, ever experience reconciliation to God? Through our Lord Jesus Christ!

Not only have we been granted peace with God, but we have been given access to God through this grace and we can rejoice in the fact that we will see God. This same fact is what sustains us through our suffering, producing endurance in our faith- not a flash-in-the-pan faith, but a determined faith (Isaiah 50:7). This determined, flint-like faith produces character, godly character, that produces hope, or an assuredness of that hope we have in God through Christ. This hope will not fail us, or ‘put us to shame’ as Paul states in verse 5, but is already assured by the giving of the Holy Spirit to man, in Christ, each of us has had God’s love poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit.  

While we were still in our sins, while we were ‘weak’, Christ died for us, and if He died for us while we were enemies of God, deserving of the wrath of His justice, will He not keep us? Is not Christ’s resurrection proof of His ability to keep us for all time? Paul goes on to show that it was remarkable that Christ would lay down his life for those who were His enemies, to reconcile them to God through His shed blood. In the human experience, we see that it is rare for one to die for someone else, rarely will one lay down his life for an upright man, occasionally we see one lay down his or her life for a good man, but Christ showed us His love by laying down His life for His enemies! (Titus 3:4-6)

The end result of our justification through Christ’s atoning blood is that we can now boast, or revel, in God instead of being at enmity with Him.

Death in Adam, Life in Christ:

Paul now shifts from what we have obtained through Christ, to what we have lost through Adam. He states that death entered into all men through the fall of Adam, but not just physical death even sin itself entered into the world through Adam’s transgression. Paul even states clearly that “because all sinned”(v.12) It is not guilt by association, but guilt by contamination that is outlined by Paul. Sin is akin to a genetic trait of all men who, from the womb, are at war against the things of God, even with God Himself, each one condemned by his or her own sins. Sin has been, and will continue to be, present in mankind from the fall of Adam until the final judgement. Paul shows that it was not the Law which brought sin into being, but rather the Law was the rousing voice of wisdom given to awaken man from his stupor.

Yet, even with the Law, sin reigned over man.

There is a remedy! In Christ, God’s grace and mercy have abounded for many sins. Notice that Paul shows that one sin caused death and sin to reign over mankind, but he sets that against God grace through Christ covering a multitude of sins. We are promised that through Christ we will reign with Christ over death and sin, no longer are we bound to a sinful, nihilistic existence of sin and death, but we have been justified by God through Christ Jesus.


  1. Which do you identify with: The man who is bound to sin and death, or the man who is in Christ, free from the bondage of sin and death?
  2. How can you use this teaching to help explain the Gospel to those who are unsaved in your sphere of influence?
  3. How does this teaching help you in your Christian walk?

Related Scriptures:

  • Isaiah 27:5 “Or else let them come to me for refuge; let them make peace with me, yes, let them make peace with me.”
  • Acts 10:36 You know the message God sent to the people of Israel, announcing the good news of peace through Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all.
  • Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.
  • Habakkuk 3:18 yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior.
  • John 14:6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
  • Ephesians 3:12 In him and through faith in him we may approach God with freedom and confidence.
  • Hebrews 10:19 Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus,
  • 1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive in the Spirit.
  • Matthew 5:12 Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.
  • Luke 21:19 Stand firm, and you will win life.
  • James 1:2 Consider it pure joy, my brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds,
  • Hebrews 6:19-20 We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain,
  • James 1:12 Blessed is the one who perseveres under trial because, having stood the test, that person will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.
  • Acts 2:33 Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.
  • 1 Thessalonians 1:10 and to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead–Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath.

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